The Nari Adalat is an alternative justice system,” Of the women, for the women, by the women” to create a platform for poor, illiterate women to be heard for their judgment to be respected and to create a space where poor, illiterate women can get justice.

Mahila Samakhya society Gujarat was the first state in the country to establish Nari Adalat as an alternative system of justice. The justice in Gujarat has its origins from the Legal Committee of the Sangha. The first Nari Adalat started operating beneath a Neem Tree (Margosa).in September, 1995; the legal committee of the Sangha renamed itself as the Nari Adalat.

The organizational set up that is envisaged in a three – tier structure with the sanghas at the first level, a cluster of 10 villages at the second level, and the blocks at the third level. The three-tier structure is established on the basis of the committee that are formed within the Sanghas. Each Sanghas comprised of minimum 15 to 20 female members from very-very deprived communities. Each Sanghas comprises of five committees. A member is selected from each of these committees to take part in the meetings at the cluster level. Similarly, at the cluster level and block level, five committees are formed-Health, Education, Legal, Economy and Panchyat. One member is selected from each of these committees to become a part of the block level and district level structures respectively. All the Mahasanghas have a central working committee and five committees focusing on core areas.

Working style of Nari Adalat:

Listen to the women’s problems, ask what she wants , documentation of the case , listen to the other side

Types of cases:

Marital duties, polygamy, adultery ,maintenance ,physical torture wife beating , dowry and dowry deaths , infertility , rape ,custody of child ,divorce and abandonments ,child marriage ,rape, custody of child , caste base atrocities ,property dispute , declaring witch to widow or abandonment women.

How Nari Adalat resolve the cases.

The constitution of the NA of facilitators who are women with thought, customs, haits and rites similar to the clients who sit in form of them. However, they strike a balance between the informality of the forum, thus keeping it approachable for the women and at the same time, folwa structure process for handling each case